Here’s Where You Should Live Based On Your Myers-Briggs Personality Type

Here’s Where You Should Live Based On Your Myers-Briggs Personality Type

It can be argued that cities, like people, all hold distinctive personalities. To find which one best matches your own personality, take the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and then check out which city jives best with your values.

ISFJ – Zurich, Switzerland

If there’s anything an ISFJ likes it’s a clean, well-ordered environment where everyone gets along nicely and everything works the way it should. In the pristine city of Zurich, ISFJs will find themselves perfectly at home. Reserved but polite, the citizens of Switzerland don’t like to raise much of a fuss unless they have to. They go about their days, get business done as they should and then retire to their well-maintained homes with their close-knit families. Ever-neutral Switzerland is the ideal spot for the peace-seeking ISFJ. No fuss, no muss, no hefty disagreements.

ENTP – Hong Kong

Hong Kong offers a diverse fusion of the Eastern and Western worlds, with enough food, entertainment, languages, religions, diversity and opportunity to keep the ENTP intellectually stimulated until the end of time. This type loves exploring new avenues of thought and new methods of experiencing life. The sprawling city of Hong Kong is as diverse as the ENTP’s mind – constantly presenting a new opportunity to learn, progress and change. It is the ideal fit for the ever-evolving existence of the ENTP.

ISTP – Queenstown, New Zealand

Coining itself the “Adrenaline capital of the world,” Queenstown looks like a giant playground to the sensory-oriented ISTP. This type thrives on hands-on activities and is drawn to extreme sports like heli skiing, skydiving, mountain biking and hang gliding. ISTPs can usually be found dangling from cliffs with a Gopro strapped to their head and complete disregard for the rules strapped to their psyche. They’re independent by nature and adventurous in spirit – more or less the precise definition of a Kiwi.

INFP – Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Tolerance and mutual respect are at the core of Amsterdam’s values, which sits well with the peace-keeping INFP. This type craves harmony, connection and deep analysis of the human condition: All of which present themselves in the eclectic city that is Amsterdam. Once you get past the scandal of the drug scene, you find a fascinating well of culture that resembles the psyche of the INFP: Hesitant and reserved, yet deeply understanding of various forms of life. INFPs find comfort in the liberal values of Amsterdam, while enjoying the space to fully consider their own beliefs and values.

ESTJ – Shanghai, China

Known as the economic, commercial and financial center of China, Shanghai is an ideal fit for the business-savvy ESTJ. This type thrives on efficiency and progression in the workplace, which means they like to move up quickly. Shanghai offers the opportunity for ESTJs to play in the big leagues of international business, while still occasionally letting loose and getting rowdy in one of the many international nightlife districts. This impressive Chinese city places the hard-working ESTJ right in the heart of opportunity.

INTP – Silicon Valley, USA

Not so much a city as a suburb of one, Silicon Valley is an ideal spot for the innovative INTP. This type thrives in intellectually stimulating environments that encourage both logical analysis and creative inspiration. The massive quantity of tech companies and startup businesses in Silicon Valley allows the opportunity for this inquisitive type to thrive. There is no shortage of brainpower in the intellectual district of San Francisco, which means the INTP almost never runs out of new ideas to pick apart.

ESFP – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

ESFPs like it hot – in every sense of the phrase. Rio de Janeiro is alive and thrumming with music, culture, passion and excitement, which is perfect for the vivacious ESFP. This type likes to be where the action is and where the party never stops. Rio de Janeiro provides unlimited opportunity for this people-centered type to mingle, mix and live it up. Plus the mind-blowing backdrop of the city appeals to the aesthetic focus of this sensory-oriented type.

ENTJ – New York, USA

If there’s one thing ENTJs love it’s getting things done – in the most efficient and progressive way possible. This innovative type likes to be exactly where the action is, so that they can analyze the action, come up with a more efficient way to harness it and then turn it into a profitable enterprise that they get to take charge of. What better a place for this progressive type than the center of the world, New York City? They want to be on top of all the latest developments and if there’s one place where the action never stops, it is in the big apple.

The Confessions Of A Closet Introvert

The Confessions Of A Closet Introvert

The Meyers-Briggs personality test is a testimonial to how imperative it is in our society to categorize people into groups. Thus conforming our society’s need to categorize, I write this as a closet introvert. Many of my friends and family would laugh and deny this description of myself, as I am often the most talkative, confident, and exceedingly outspoken person they know.

And I have all of those qualities, but I also love reading, and playing piano, and comfortable silence. I am the stereotype breaker for the largest fallacy dealing with introverts and extroverts; I am not bashful! Introverts are not shy! We simply need time to ourselves to recharge, relax, and analyze situations on our own or with a few people we trust.

But, I was an introvert in disguise until last year, when I finally realized why my busy and social life-style had caused me to become so run-down and exhausted. From constant socialization with my large, and I mean large, group of friends, I rarely had any time to concentrate on me. Sitting around a table, listening to fourteen different conversations at once was not my idea of productive in regards to building relationships.

And without the ability to bond closely with a select few of my friends, I was missing the intimacy and connection. I enjoy being with others, and I always have, so when my anxiety would spike when surrounded by my friends for extended periods of time, I was continuously bemused. After all, I am a loud-talkative person who must be around many people to be happy, right? Wrong!

I had convinced myself of the fact I was extraverted because the majority of my family and friends are, and that is the type of personality our society revers. The outgoing girl who is going to get the job, fight for the cause, and win the race by leading. Well, I am writing this to say I will get the job because of my talkative dedication and quiet deliberation.

I will fight for my causes because I am not shy and I will approach anyone with new ideas, and I will analyze any given situation from all angles before jumping to a conclusion. I have always been someone who does not quit until she has achieved her goals. As for being a leader, I know I am one. So to all those people who believe introverts are the shy wall-flowers, I say to you that we are much more than that!

Our personalities cannot be measured by tests, and not one person is the same, but introverts overall spend more time analyzing situations and drawing their own conclusions. Our society needs those well-rounded introverts, as well as the brazen extraverts, to lead the way together. I am a closet introvert no longer. Bring it on, world!

8 Awesome Benefits Of Being A Perceiver That Other Personality Types Won’t Admit

8 Awesome Benefits Of Being A Perceiver That Other Personality Types Won’t Admit

Sometimes I hate to admit this, but I love Myers-Briggs! Sometimes, I wish that there were regular conventions, where I could go discuss types and functions with people for a week straight. Preferably ones where attendees could get tee-shirts and blown-up infographics that illustrate their type. Sadly something like that will never actually happen because introverts want to unite, but separately… in their own homes.

Anyways, speaking of introverts, Google seems to have an overstock of introvert and extrovert stories. Not many cover intuition vs. sensing, or the other two MBTI dichotomies. Today, was a pretty play-by-ear day for me, and it inspired this explanation why I love being a perceiver. In case anyone is wondering what my type is as they read, I’m likely an INFP/ ENFP mutt. I like my INFP side the most because it allows me to relate to the mysterious population. My ENFP side is still runs strong though, it’s given me strong advocacy skills, and that’s cool too!

#FYI, being a perceiver is the opposite of being a judger in MBTI lingo. It explains how one likes to plan events and go about their day. Perceivers like keeping options open, and judgers like to go by a scripted-out day. Perceivers are more likely to be male, and are overall less common in the general population. This may make it seem like judgers are the only ones who have their story together, however, there are several perks of being a perceiver…

1. Mastering the art of working under pressure.

Perceivers tend to live by the simple-yet-awesome motto, “play first, work later.” Yes, play first! People like this know how to write term papers and study for exams last minute. This is because they spend their time, when others are working, having fun. Judgers freak out when they have midnight to 8 a.m. to finish a big project. Perceivers do a little, but not quite as much. They know just how to handle it!

2. Less likely to stress about missing the turn.

We all have a friend or family member who get’s mini panic attacks when they get off at the wrong exit. They seem so flustered that they end up getting lost again, and are too stressed out to make sense of a map. Perceivers, however, keep breathing normally and pull over to check their phone one last time for directions. Because they aren’t as frantic, they seem to have an easier time getting somewhere whenever lost.

3. Disorganized bosses or professors = Not a problem.

Some of our classmates, coworkers and friends cannot get through a program when the person managing is disorganized. This is because they want things to be fully planned and predictable, as they are always craving foreclosure. Perceivers tend to get overwhelmed by bosses who are too rigorous. There’s then a lack room for creativity, and perceivers crave a different pace than the one set. Luckily, a disorganized professor in college is good news to them. They and their classmates are able to influence the pace of how things are taught, and will enjoy not being able to predict everything.

4. Trips and vacations have more unique memories.

Judgers never board a single flight without going online to practically map out an hour by hour itinerary for a trip. They might as well still be at work or school if they are going to go on an over-planned trip. When perceivers go on their ideal trips they see things at their own paces and look forward to the unexpected. Leaving them with more memories from vacations, and feeling less upset about all the bad tour guides at, say, the Coliseum in Rome. They enjoy meeting new people while finding new ways of life wherever they go. Even if it’s just a spur of the moment trip to a local park.

5. Having a variety of professional interests.

While perceivers prefer to work ‘later,’ they have a surprising amount of interest in different fields of work. If they studied communications, they graduate interested in many fields related to communication. In college most of us asked our friends at parties what they wanted to do with all of their pathetic majors. Sometimes answers were very straightforward, like, “I’m going to grad school after this,” or “I’m going to work at this lawfirm my family owns.” Perceivers know that life is more fun when career options are open. It transforms life into a daily book.

6. Any place will become home.

Team #worklater can turn any place they live into their new home. The town they grew up in feels like home, the town they went to college in feels like home and the towns they work in are also home. This is because perceivers are adaptable people. They are positive wherever they are, as they don’t worry about what to do next or crave closure. Just as they enjoy spontaneous travel, they also enjoy spontaneous living.

7. Remembering today. NOT worrying about tomorrow.

As flexible, carefree, free-spirited and random-minded human beings, they feel more satisfied about today’s adventures. As they fall asleep, they look at all the brilliant memories they had. They are thankful for today’s memories, and look forward to the ones to come in the morning. They aren’t going to lie awake thinking about tomorrow’s hectic obstacles.

8. Glass always half-full.

Life to perceivers is not a checklist. If life is treated like a checklist, then what else could possibly bring happiness other than getting it done? Not much! Perceivers understand this, and continue to create new options for themselves even when life slows down. Something about not knowing what every minute will be like keeps us fulfilled, and therefore the glass always feels half-full! That’s all for now folks! Until next time, I’ll be doing whatever floats my boat. I just also may write a book last minute too. I’ll probably title it, Play: The Power of Perceivers In A World That Can’t Stop Planning. Yeah, I’ll be the next Susan Cain if I actually decide to stop procrastinating!

10 Things That Happen When You’re An Intuitive In A Family Of Sensors

10 Things That Happen When You’re An Intuitive In A Family Of Sensors

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator identifies two main modes of perceiving information. The first mode involves focusing on the tangible, concrete stimulus in a given situation: This is called sensing, and people who prefer this mode are known as sensors (represented by the letter S). The second way of perceiving the world involves focusing on the intangibles – identifying what is not apparent in the physical environment and connecting abstract ideas. This is known as intuition, and those who use it are referred to as intuitives (represented by the letter N).

Sensors make up the majority of the population – and they ought to. Sensors are the reason our world is not falling apart at the seams. But because of the population imbalance, it is entirely common for a young intuitive to find themselves growing up in a family of sensors. And no matter how lovely, devoted or keenly intelligent all parties are, sensors and intuitives speak two different languages. Here are a few struggles that arise when an intuitive (particularly someone who uses intuition as their dominant function – namely ENTPs, ENFPs, INTJs and INFJs) grows up in a family of sensors.

1. Whenever you asked “Why” as a kid, you got a completely different answer than what you were expecting.

When you asked “Why is the boy on TV sad” you already knew it was because someone kicked him. What you really wanted to know is why bad things happen to good people and whether or not there’s a karmic balance to the Universe. Unfortunately it’s difficult to phrase those questions when you are four.

2. So. Much. Family. Gossip.

It’s not that you don’t want to know about what’s going on with your family. It’s just that you want to know different parts of what’s going on with your family. “Your cousin Sally started working at the nursery!” Is not of great interest to you. What are Sally’s aspirations? Where does she see herself in ten years? What is it about human nature that compels us to nurture our young with a sense of unending compassion? These seem to be more relevant questions. But we’re already onto your cousin Kelly, who is dating someone new.

3. What you are doing will always be of infinitely greater interest to your family than what you are thinking.

When your parents call, they want to know three things: Are you keeping warm, are you making enough money to remain alive and have you eaten any vegetables this week? What’s on your mind is not important. It can be frustrating at times but you have to admit… you do occasionally forget to eat your veggies.

4. In order to be taken seriously, you have to show rather than tell.

Sensors place more weight on what you do than what you talk about. So if you want your family to appreciate your interest in science, you’re going to have to first achieve distinction from an accredited University and publish several wildly successful scientific papers. Then – and only then – will your family give weight to what you have to say about the scientific theory you’ve had the same opinion on for years.

5. Your definition of ‘family bonding’ is wildly different than your family’s definition.

Your definition of ‘bonding time’ involves sharing ideas, discussing theories and coming to deeply understand each other’s core motivations and beliefs. Your family’s definition of ‘bonding time’ is going ice-skating together. Tomato, tomato.

6. Trying to discuss your feelings is a stressful experience for everyone.

For sensors, feelings are a matter of cause-and-effect. If you can’t relate a particular feeling you’re having to a specific, tangible experience that necessitated it, your family has a tough time understanding why you’re feeling the way you are. The good news is, feelings are often related to specific, tangible events. And it may just take a conversation with a sensor to make you realize that your problem isn’t quite as complex as you thought it was.

7. If you’re not doing something physical, it’s assumed you’re doing nothing.

Reading up on a topic that you’re interested in is considered ‘doing nothing’ with your day. Going to soccer practice is considered doing something. Go figure.

8. You genuinely question your own sanity at times.

Because they’re highly in tune with their environments (at least compared to intuitives), sensors usually come off as significantly more levelheaded than intuitives. Intuitives spend their time wrapped up in the world of thoughts and possibilities – and can subsequently work themselves into mind funks that sensors just cannot… well, make sense of. When an intuitive spends enough time around non-intuitives, it becomes incredibly easy to start questioning their own sanity. After all, nobody else seems to be troubled by the sort of theoretical problems that keep you awake at night. Is something deeply wrong with you?

9. You relate so hard to “Calvin” in Calvin & Hobbes it hurts.

Our favorite little ENTP comic-book character offers the perfect depiction of what it’s like to be an N-dominant child growing up in a family of sensors. No wonder he had to imagine himself an intuitive tiger friend. We all could have used a little Hobbes growing up.

10. At the end of the day, you have to admit that you couldn’t have done it without them.

If there’s anything we can all agree on, it’s that the world needs a mix of both sensors and intuitives. And in your case, sensors are the reason you’re the person you are today – they made sure you were fed, clothed, well-rested and cared for in a way that does not come naturally to you. And it’s hard to complain about that.

8 Struggles Every Intuitive Perceiver Encounters In The Workplace

8 Struggles Every Intuitive Perceiver Encounters In The Workplace

Intuitive, perceiving types – namely ENTPs, ENFPs, INFPs and INTPs – are inventive and inspired workers. These types thrive in environments that allow for autonomy and creative thinking. However, this type also requires a fair degree of structure in order to stay on their ‘A’ game. Here are a few struggles that every intuitive perceiver encounters at some point in their professional lives.

1. Having to follow standardized procedures.

Perceptive, intuitive types see the big picture rather than the intricate details – which means that doing something for the sake of a formality is endlessly frustrating to them. If they know a project is going to get approved, why wait a week for the official go-ahead to come through? That’s wasted time. Let’s just start now and keep quiet about it. Right, guys? … Guys?

2. Being quick to pick up on things but slow to follow up on them.

Intuitive perceivers quickly see the general principles behind systems they are presented with: Which means they tend to “Wow” their employers by their innate understanding of the workplace during the first week or two. The downside of this is that they start to lose momentum once the day-to-day drudgery of working takes over: just because they picked up on a concept with ease doesn’t mean they’ll remain stimulated by it – which happens to be a dire requirement for the intuitive perceiver when it comes to working efficiently.

3. Wanting autonomy but requiring structure.

NP types are creative problem solvers – they enjoy speculating various solutions to problems and dislike being bound to traditional methods of getting things done. That being said, this type thrives best in a structured environment – one where they are balanced out by judging types who can ensure that their plans are thoroughly carried out. Intuitive perceivers may come to resent this type of environment, but at the same time they need it to really get anything done.

4. Constantly requiring a new challenge.

Perceptive, intuitive types thrive on rising to challenges and overcoming obstacles by channeling their creative thinking skills. If they manage to find a workplace that presents them with an endless flow of novel challenges, these types are happy as a clam. If, however, they find themselves stuck in a relatively static environment, where the work doesn’t change much day-to-day, it’s a disastrous recipe for restlessness. The more this type repeats the same mindless tasks, the more detached and consequently the more careless they become. When placed in static environments, intuitive perceivers actually may become worse at their job over time.

5. Disliking professional pleasantries.

Social niceties are torture for intuitive perceivers. Breaking communication down into a series of meaningless phrases seems unbearably futile. The client wants a service and we can provide it. Do we really have to talk about their day for twenty minutes first? And do I really have to call this client “Ma’am” while she’s yelling at me over the phone? It seems a little trite at this point.

6. The inclination to challenge any rule that doesn’t make sense.

If an intuitive perceiver doesn’t see the over-arching point of what they’re doing, they loathe doing it. These analytical types have a knack for intuitively understanding how a system could be improved upon and they quickly grow frustrated by having to adhere to inefficient guidelines. More than a few NP types have gotten themselves into hot water by arguing with their bosses about the nonsensical nature of how things are getting done – especially if their boss is someone who’s hard-pressed to sway from traditional methods.

7. The tendency to over-exert oneself when presented with various options.

If there’s anything a perceptive intuitive enjoys, it’s a new challenge or opportunity. NPs – particularly those of the extroverted nature – are inclined to experience the problem of their eyes being bigger than their stomachs, both in and outside of the workplace. They will quickly jump on board with new projects and may find themselves suddenly working incredible amounts of over-time – after all, they have so much to get done! Though they’re not sure where all of this extra work came from… they agreed to something three weeks back, right?

8. The insatiable need to progress paired with the equal and opposite need to explore other options.

Intuitive perceivers are highly aware of opportunities that exist in their external environment – this means they’ll be speculating about climbing the corporate ladder to the top of the company before they’ve even walked into their interview. Their ambition is fierce, but so is their wandering eye. Intuitive perceivers are aware of all options that are available to them – both in and outside of the company. Their tendency to flit from career to career means they may never climb to the top of any corporate ladder – but they sure will half-scale quite a few.

Why Everyone And Their Mother Is Now Identifying As An Introvert

Why Everyone And Their Mother Is Now Identifying As An Introvert

Earlier this summer, one of the most extroverted people I’ve ever met in my life told me earnestly, “I’m an introvert.” When I asked her to explain her reasoning, she replied, “Well, after a few days of constantly being around people I need to spend some time alone to recoup.” I had a good chuckle to myself over her confession.

While introverts certainly can masquerade as gregarious extroverted types, there are certain times when an individual’s personality orientation is undeniable. This particular friend was a lively socialite. She fought shamelessly for every spotlight. She visibly gained energy the longer she interacted with others and she was regularly the last person left out at night, being reluctantly dragged home by a group of exhausted friends.

And yet, somewhere along the line, someone had informed this friend that the only qualification for being an introvert was occasionally requiring alone time to recharge. Except here’s the thing – needing alone time doesn’t make you an introvert. It makes you a human. We seem to have a warped idea of what introversion means these days.

It is trendy to be an introvert right now – Susan Cain wrote ‘Quiet’ and suddenly everyone was clamouring to prove that they were actually one of the deep, misunderstood introverts of the world. We created a cultural dichotomy that implied introverts are deep and complex and extroverts are shallow and thoughtless.

We told everyone that the only qualification for being an introvert is being intelligent and requiring alone time – two traits that every human being on earth is quick to identify with. But the idea that introversion is extended to anyone who needs alone time to recharge is laughable. I’m as extroverted as they come and yet I absolutely require and relish in alone time.

I’m a writer by profession, which means I spend the majority of my time alone. And yet I don’t question my social orientation – I feel the most alive around others. I’m energized by groups. There is an eternal thrum in the back of my mind that urges me to go, do, see, interact, alter and connect with the world that surrounds me. I feel the most alive around others, when I’m out interacting with the world.

And yet I am most creative when alone. I am the truest and most authentic version of myself when I am in my own company. Of course I am. We all are. Because here’s the thing – at the end of the day, nobody’s ever going to understand us as well as we understand ourselves. Nobody’s ever going to be fully capable of delving into our internal world of complex thoughts and emotions.

Accessing them with the clarity and intensity with which we do ourselves. But simply having that rich inner world doesn’t make you an introvert. Needing to spend time alone to access it also doesn’t make you an introvert. Both of those things only make you human. What makes you an extrovert or an introvert is simply which sphere you remain most energized by over time –

An introvert can thrive in social situations and an extrovert can enjoy time alone, but each will feel more naturally stimulated by extensive engagement with one of the two realms. Contrary to popular belief, introverts don’t solely recharge through alone time and extroverts don’t solely recharge through social time – we all recharge through a mixture of alone and social time.

Your social orientation is simply a matter of which realm recharges you more naturally and which realm you can bear for longer periods of time. We need to squelch the inaccurate perception that extroverts and introverts are so immeasurably different from one another, or that either trait manifests in a black and white way.

Extroverts need alone time. Introverts need social time. Exhibiting eight out of ten extroverted traits but two out of ten introverted traits doesn’t make you an introvert, or vice versa – in either case, you’re just a regular human being with a mixed need for social and alone time. We are all inherently ambiverted. It’s just a matter of which side of that ambiverted scale you lean towards.

24 People Share The One Thing They Wish The ESFPs In Their Lives Understood

24 People Share The One Thing They Wish The ESFPs In Their Lives Understood

1. “You are a free spirit and people are drawn to you. Keep it up.” –INTJ


2. “Don’t be afraid to be yourself! it can be hard, i know, but embracing your type is honestly the best thing to do for yourself.” –ESFP


3. “If you think you’re talking too much, you probably are. DONT GET ME WRONG – ESFPs are happy makers and our lives wouldn’t be the same without you, but let others share and talk sometimes. Give them the spotlight too.” –ENFJ


4. “It is not that we dislike you… We just cannot comprehend wanting to be friends with everyone in the world.” –INTJ


5. “You’re great, but sometimes you exhaust even me.” –ESTP


6. “You simultaneously tantalize and completely overwhelm me. You are like a pschadelic love hurricane.” –INFP


7. “It’s OK to show others how vulnerable you are. No need to show your smiley face all year round.” –ESFP


8. “Please try to remember that you’re not the center of the universe.” –ENFP


9. “Just because I’m not speaking doesn’t mean I hate you.” –INTJ


10. “Even though your idea of decorating often consists of your favorite Brandy bottles, you’re very easy to talk to. I think a lot if people misunderstand you and think you’re hyperactive just based off MBTI profile descriptions, but honestly, y’all are so easygoing and happy-go-lucky. I really appreciate that, and you’re all so smart. Don’t let anyone tell you otherwise.” –ESTP


11. “You can be a little superficial sometimes, maybe try to keep that in check?” –INTP


12. “Thank you for being the life of the party so we can take a break.” –INFP


13. “I love your ability to vibe with whatever I’m doing and feeling, but you don’t have to be a chameleon. You don’t have to be happy, or sad, or angry just because I am.” –INFP


14. “When someone says they don’t like something you do, it doesn’t mean we don’t still love and admire you.” –ENFP


15. “You’re amazing… but maybe calm down a little bit every once in awhile.” –ENFP


16. “I wish you would take care of your responsibilities. No matter how fun and endearing you are, at the end of the day I don’t always trust you to come through when it counts.” –ENFJ


17. “Structure can be a very useful thing.” –ISFJ


18. “You make life fun. Maybe a little too unpredictable if you’ll actually show up or not, but when you do, it’s fun.” –INFP


19. “Thank you for bringing so much vibrancy and color into the world. You truly make life interesting and don’t be discouraged by people who don’t understand your energy and zest for life.” –ENFP


20. “Let’s go on wild unicorn adventures together!!! Just please stop flaking out on me.” –ENFP


21. “Other people like the spotlight too – just so you know.” –ENTJ


22. “Everyone is not as nice and great as you think they are. Some people do not deserve your time and attention. Taking things at face value so often can set yourself up for hurt, especially by manipulative people. People that aren’t used to such friendly people will think you are hitting on them. Maybe you are, but I feel like ESFPs need to be careful about people accidentally falling in love with them more than any other type.” –INTJ


23. “I adore you and think that you are very good for me. Though I wish you would include me in more of your activities – you tend to forget about people sometimes, and leave them behind.” –ISFJ


24. “Your freedom of spirit is inspiring.” –ENFP

How Each Cognitive Function Manifests Based On Its Position In Your Stacking

How Each Cognitive Function Manifests Based On Its Position In Your Stacking

Attempting to determine which cognitive functions you use within the MBTI system can be a tricky process. We are usually highly aware of our dominant and auxiliary function, but struggle to identify our tertiary and inferior functions – and there are two simple reasons for this. The first reason is that our tertiary function doesn’t begin developing in a recognizable way until we are well into our twenties.

Our inferior, on the other hand, takes until approximately middle age to develop fully. Attempting to identify one’s tertiary or inferior function before at the age of at least thirty is likely to result in a great deal of confusion and misidentification. The second – and perhaps most prominent reason – is that the expression of our tertiary and inferior functions are warped by the expression of our dominant and auxiliary functions.

Extroverted feeling looks very different in an ISTP than it does in an ENFJ. In fact, we often spend the first few decades of our lives rebelling against our inferior function – causing us to believe that we don’t possess it at all. Below, we’ll take a look at what each cognitive function looks like in each possible position in one’s stacking. If you already know your four-letter MBTI type and want to learn which functions you possess (and where they appear in your stacking), click here.

Extroverted Intuition (Ne)

Dominant Extroverted Intuition:

As a dominant function, Ne manifests as a seemingly never-ending plethora of theories, possibilities and inventive ideas that the user is constantly picking up on. The dominant-Ne monologue: “I am swimming in an endless sea of possibilities about what to do/experience/think about next and I want to try them all.”

Auxiliary Extroverted Intuition:

Auxiliary Ne manifests as a plethora of possibilities that arise to support or expand upon a thought or decision that the user has come to. The auxiliary-Ne monologue: “I see a million different ways to look at the concept I’ve been analyzing and I want to consider them all.”

Tertiary Extroverted Intuition:

Tertiary Ne manifests as a series of creative solutions that may go into solving a given problem or moving them towards a goal. The tertiary-Ne monologue: “I will consider which possibilities will best help me accomplish the goal I have set.”

Inferior Extroverted Intuition:

Inferior Ne originally manifests as a reluctance to try new ways of doing things, occasionally giving way to anxiety over the unknown. As Ne matures, its user will become more comfortable dwelling in uncertainties and entertaining new possibilities. The inferior-Ne monologue (prior to maturation): “It is best to stick to the most reliable methods of getting things done. There is no sense getting lost in a sea of unpredictable possibilities.”

Introverted Intuition (Ni)

Dominant Introverted Intuition:

As a dominant function, Ni manifests as a keen perception for the meaningful connections that exist between the thoughts, concepts, events and occurrences in the Ni-user’s environment. The dominant-Ni monologue:“Everything is interconnected and I must determine the meaning and implication behind those connections.”

Auxiliary Introverted Intuition

As an auxiliary function, Ni manifests as an understanding of how one ought to go about accomplishing his or her goals, based on a keen intuitive perception of how various courses of action are likely to unfold. The auxiliary-Ni monologue: “How can I use my intuitive knowledge about how things are connected in order to achieve what I want?”

Tertiary Introverted Intuition

As a tertiary function, Ni manifests as the desire to optimize or perfect upon one’s pre-existing talents or skills. The tertiary-Ni monologue: “How can I improve upon – or even perfect – the approach that I regularly take toward my main passion or interest?”

Inferior Introverted Intuition

As an inferior function, Ni originally manifests as a scorn or distaste for over-analyzing what is obvious or over-planning for the future. As inferior introverted intuition matures, the user may find themselves developing a keen ‘hunch’ for the way things are bound to unfold in the future and will enjoy entertaining these ideas. The inferior-Ni monologue (prior to maturation):“Everyone needs to stop over-analyzing everything, the answers are literally right in front of us.”

Extroverted Sensing (Se)

Dominant Extroverted Sensing

As a dominant function, Se manifests as the desire to engage fully with the sensory aspects of one’s environment, without any restraint or pause for analysis. The dominant-Se monologue: “I want to sample all of the experiences that are immediately available to me and see where those experiences lead me!”

Auxiliary Extroverted Sensing

As an auxiliary function, Se manifests as the desire to experience and experiment with the sensory aspects that the user has determined to be the most enjoyable or useful. The auxiliary-Se monologue: “I want to go live out the experiences that I have determined to be the best or most enjoyable and see what happens as a result.”

Tertiary Extroverted Sensing:

As a tertiary function, extroverted sensing manifests as the user’s ability to pick up cues from their external environment and react to them with a sense of natural confidence. The tertiary-Se monologue: “I prefer to plan ahead, but when necessary, I can think surprisingly well on my feet, as I feel in tune with what is going on around me.”

Inferior Extroverted Sensing:

As an inferior function, Se originally manifests as a distrust of the physical world that surrounds its user, or the pervasive belief that one’s intellect can and must be trusted above the sensory information that is available. As Se matures, the user may find themselves feeling steadily more in tune with the sensory world that surrounds them, and more able to trust it as a pervasive force. The inferior-Se monologue (prior to maturation): “I must analyze all possible outcomes of a sensory experience, as the physical world is subject to change unexpectedly, at any time.”

Introverted Sensing (Si)

Dominant Introverted Sensing:

As a dominant function, Si manifests as a powerful memory for what has worked well in the past, and the desire to structure one’s life around the traditions and positive outcomes of past experiences. The dominant-Si monologue:“I prefer to plan the majority of my life around the traditional or tried-and-true methods of doing things, as they have proven to be the most reliable.”

Auxiliary Introverted Sensing:

As an auxiliary function, Si manifests as the preference to rely on the tried-and-true method when working to accomplish a particular goal. The auxiliary-Si monologue:“In order to achieve what I want, I will employ the most reliable and socially acceptable method of accomplishing it.”

Tertiary Introverted Sensing

As a tertiary function, introverted sensing manifests as a proneness to nostalgia, as well as a method of contrasting the new and exciting with the old and the known. The tertiary-Si monologue:“I will examine how my new experience or theory sizes up against my past experiences or way of understanding the world.”

Inferior Introverted Sensing

As an inferior function, introverted sensing originally manifests as a resistance to tradition or conformity of any sort. As Si matures, the user will find themselves steadily more able to determine when traditional methods are useful in accomplishing their goals and when they are not, and will begin to feel comfortable integrating tried-and-true methods into their experiences as they see fit. The inferior-Si monologue (prior to maturation): “Out with the old, in with the new! F*ck the system! The man can’t keep me down!”

Extroverted Thinking (Te)

Dominant Extroverted Thinking:

As a dominant function, Te manifests as the ability to clearly envision the most effective outcome to any given situation or problem and the ability to set the corresponding plans into action. The dominant-Te monologue: “I will achieve my goal by any means necessary.”

Auxiliary Extroverted Thinking:

As an auxiliary function, Te manifests as the ability to take concrete, efficient action on the user’s analysis of what the best thing to do would be. The auxiliary-Te monologue: “Now that I have determined the best or most reliable course of action, I will set it into motion using the most straightforward method available to me.”

Tertiary Extroverted Thinking:

As a tertiary function, Te manifests as the ability to source whichever resources are necessary to make the user’s desire a reality. The tertiary-Te monologue: “I will employ the most straightforward method that exists in order to make my goal, dream or impulse come true.”

Inferior Extroverted Thinking:

As an inferior function, Te originally manifests as the inability to set one’s external desires or plans into motion. As Te matures, the user finds themselves steadily more able to source the resources they require to make their dreams a reality. They also find themselves developing the ability to express their thoughts to others in a straightforward, logical manner. The inferior-Te monologue (prior to maturation): “I have many goals I want to accomplish but often have trouble tangibly setting them into motion. I fear being perceived as incompetent by others.”

Dominant Introverted Thinking

As a dominant function, Ti manifests as the constant identification of logical patterns that exist in ones external environment as well as a keen perception for any deviations from those patterns. The dominant-Ti monologue: “I must figure out exactly how everything logistically works in relation to everything else.”

Auxiliary Introverted Thinking:

As an auxiliary function, Ti manifests as the identification of how the logical systems in the user’s external environment could be manipulated to work to their advantage. The auxiliary-Ti monologue: “How can I manipulate the way that this object or situation works so that it instead works the way I’d like it to?”

Tertiary Introverted Thinking:

As an auxiliary function, Ti manifests as the organization of the user’s pre-existing knowledge in a logical, systematic format. The tertiary-Ti monologue: Where does this new hunch or piece of information I’ve acquired fit in relation to what I already know to be true?

Inferior Introverted Thinking:

As an inferior function, introverted thinking originally manifests as an excessively critical view of others, as it searches for objective (and often harsh) truths about other people. As Ti matures, the user will find themselves using the objective truths they pick up on about others to nurture and guide others in a positive fashion, rather than manipulating them for their own gain. The inferior-Ti monologue (prior to maturation): “Can I use these objective observations about others to my advantage?”

Extroverted Feeling (Fe)

Dominant Extroverted Feeling:

As a dominant function, Fe seeks to identify what is moral by identifying what those around them value, and then to enforce those values as a measure of keeping the peace in their external environment. The dominant-Fe monologue: “I will make those around me feel comfortable and happy in a cohesive manner, by identifying what we are all mutually striving for.”

Auxiliary Extroverted Feeling:

As an auxiliary function, Fe manifests as the urge to apply one’s understanding of a given situation in a way that will satisfy the needs and desires of others. The auxiliary-Fe monologue: “I will analyze the information that is available to me and then see how I can use it to achieve interpersonal peace.”

Tertiary Extroverted Feeling:

As a tertiary function, Fe manifests as the ability to pick up on the motivations and emotions of those around the user. The immature Fe user may then take advantage of those feelings by manipulating them in a way that supports his or her own ends. The mature tertiary Fe user will search for a means of incorporating the needs of others into their personal plans and actions. The tertiary-Fe monologue (prior to maturation): “I will assess the feelings of those around me to determine whether or not I can get what I want from them.”

Inferior Extroverted Feeling:

As an inferior function, Fe originally manifests as the user being reluctant to dabble with or express emotional concerns, as the user cannot logically make sense of many of his or her own emotions and therefore doesn’t feel confident in moderating them. As Fe matures, its user will feel increasingly comfortable making and keeping emotional commitments to others, as they grow more confident in what is expected of them. The inferior-Fe monologue (prior to maturation): “Feelings make me freeze with anxiety because I don’t know how to moderate them. I am terrified of accidentally offending someone.”

Introverted Feeling (Fi)

Dominant Introverted Feeling:

As a dominant function, Fi manifests as a moral compass that points its user toward the direction they ought to explore next, based on how they feel about the information at hand. The dominant-Fi monologue:“I must decide how I feel and where I stand on these issues before coming to a conclusion about what to do.”

Auxiliary Introverted Feeling:

As an auxiliary function, Fi manifests as a method of reflecting on and assessing how the user feels about his or her past actions. The auxiliary-Fi monologue: “I need to isolate myself to process how I feel about the activities I’ve been engaging in lately and decide whether or not to keep doing them.”

Tertiary Introverted Feeling:

As a tertiary function, Fi manifests as strong, unwavering set of morals and values which the user draws upon to dictate many of their major decisions. The tertiary Fi monologue: “I must adhere to my values and morals at all costs – even if doing so is unpleasant.”

Inferior Introverted Feeling:

As an inferior function, Fi manifests as a general disdain for emotional expression and a fear of being perceived as ‘weak’ by others. As Fi matures, its user will begin to identify the role their own personal morals play in their lives, and allow those morals to take on a greater role in their decision-making process. The inferior-Fi monologue (prior to maturation): “Feelings are for the weak. I have no time to attend to such trivial matters in either myself or others.”

Here’s What To Get Your Significant Other For Valentine’s Day Based On Their Myers-Briggs Personality Type

Here’s What To Get Your Significant Other For Valentine’s Day Based On Their Myers-Briggs Personality Type

Finding the perfect Valentine’s Day present is never an easy feat. Which is why this year, we’re teaming up with eBay to help you find you the perfect gift for your significant other. Whether you’re shopping for a starry-eyed idealist or a down-to-earth realist, we’ve got you covered. Just discover your partner’s Myers-Briggs personality type, and then check out what to get them below!


What do you get for the person who has infinitely cooler taste than you do when it comes to pretty much everything? Something classic, unconventional and timeless, of course. Pick up this portable, vintage record player to surprise and delight the ISFP in your life. Make sure you include a few records that are either significant to the two of you, or that you can honestly claim remind you of them. The ISFP loves gifts that are unique and unexpected but also personal – and music provides the ultimate personal experience for this type.


Your INTP isn’t interested in collecting novelty gifts that they’re just going to throw out two months down the road. So this Valentine’s day, invest in a high-quality upgrade of something they actually use every day – like a wallet. As unsexy as this gift may seem to you, the INTP will appreciate that you respect their practical nature. To them, useful gifts are the most romantic gifts of all.


Your ISTP may love you to the moon and back but they are always going to have a wildly independent streak – and showing them that you respect that is sexy. Pick them up this versatile hammock that can either be packed up to use on a solo trip or strung up between two trees to cuddle up in on a lazy afternoon. You’re buying them freedom and yourself a great place to relax.